Western Geographic Science Center

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Gerald Bawden
Chief Scientist, USGS Western Remote Sensing and Visualization Center
Sacramento, CA.
(916) 278 3131
Project Skills: Hazards - Mechanisms that drive natural and human-induced disasters.
Remote Sensing - Ground-based tripod lidar, GPS, leveling, airborne lidar, satellite Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) imagery.
Tools and Techniques - Detect, measure, map and analyze surface change/deformation
Other Interests/Skills: Surveying techniques, Surface changes associated with land subsidence, earthquakes, and volcanic activity.
Academic Background: Sacramento State Adjunct Professor of Geology
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Susan Benjamin
Director, WGSC
Menlo Park, CA
Project Skills: Ecosystem Science - Integrated Landscape Monitoring, Mojave Desert ecosystems, Arctic ecosystems
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Land Use mapping from remotely sensed images
Cartography - cartographic feature extraction from imagery
Other Interests/Skills: Pattern recognition, geospatial statistics, feature extraction.
Geographic Regions: Mojave Desert, Puget Sound, Great Basin, North Slope of Alaska.
Recent Publications: McMahon, Gerard, S.P. Benjamin, K. Clarke, J.E. Findley, R.N. Fisher, W.L. Graf, L.C. Gundersen, J.W. Jones, T.R. Loveland, K.S. Roth, E.L. Usery, and N. J. Wood, 2005, Geography for a Changing World: A Science Strategy for the Geographic Research of the U.S. Geological Survey, 2005-2015, Sioux Falls, SD: USGS Circular 1281.
Academic Background: MA Geography, 1988, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA
BA Geography and Mathematics, 1983, San Jose State University, San Jose, CA
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Rian Bogle
Computer Engineer
Project Skills: Hazards - Dust Storm Monitoring and Prediction
Water Science - Sediment Flux
Public Health - Dust Monitoring
Climate Change - Dune Migration and Activation, Landscape Monitoring Technologies, Landscape Vulnerability Mapping
Tools and Techniques - Embedded Computing, Wireless Sensor Networks, Machine Vision, Image processing Algorithms, Automation and Robotics
Remote Sensing - Sensor Development, UAV, Multi-spectral Imaging, Automated In-Situ Imaging Devices.
Geographic Regions: Southwestern US, Arid and Semi Arid Ecosystems.
Current/Recent Projects: Landscape Vulnerability and Climate Change on the Navajo Nation.
Wireless Sensor Networks and Sensor Development for Landscape Monitoring.
Recent Publications: Reynolds, R.L., Bogle, R., Vogel, J., Goldstein, H., and Yount, J.C., 2009, Dust emission at Franklin Lake playa, Mojave Desert (USA): Response to meteorological and hydrologic changes 2005-2008.
In Oren, A., Naftz, D.L., and Wurtsbaugh, W.A. (eds.). Saline lakes around the world: unique systems with unique values. Natural Resources and Environmental Issues 15:105-116 (ISSN 1069-5370)
Academic Background: 2002 MS Applied Mathematics, University of Colorado Boulder
1994 BA Syracuse University
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Kristin Byrd
Physical Scientist
Menlo Park
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/kbyrd
Project Skills: Hazards - Effects of development patterns on fire management, Ecological impacts of sedimentation from winter storms
Ecosystem Science - Wetland ecology, forest ecology, plant community ecology, soil science, watersheds
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Spatial and temporal links between watershed land use and wetland disturbance/ecosystem response, Downstream effects of agricultural land use, Urban growth modeling for alternative future scenarios, Consequences of rural residential development patterns on land management
Tools and Techniques - ArcGIS ArcMap and ModelBuilder, ERDAS Imagine, Definiens, Fragstats, GPS, Statistical modeling, Spatial statistics
Remote Sensing - Historical wetland mapping and change detection, Riparian vegetation mapping, Rural residential development footprint mapping, Watershed land use change analysis
Geographic Regions: Puget Sound Region, Coastal California, San Francisco Bay and Delta, Sacramento Valley, Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem.
Current/Recent Projects: Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model, Remote Sensing of Delta Wetland Carbon
Collaborations: University of California, Berkeley and the Randall Museum, San Francisco: Remote Sensing of Delta Wetland Carbon.
Elkhorn Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve and the Elkhorn Slough Foundation: Linking watershed land use and wetland vegetation response in the Elkhorn Slough watershed.
The Nature Conservancy: Assessing conservation easement effectiveness for threat abatement and fire management in the Lassen Foothills.
Recent Publications: Byrd, K. B., A. R. Rissman, and A. M. Merenlender. 2009. Impacts of conservation easements for threat abatement and fire management in a rural oak woodland landscape. Landscape and Urban Planning. 92:106-116.

Byrd, K. B. 2009. Remote sensing and spatial analysis of watershed and estuarine processes for conservation planning in Elkhorn Slough, Monterey County, California, pp. 495-520 In X. Yang (ed.). Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies for Coastal Ecosystem Assessment and Management. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Byrd, K. B., N. M. Kelly and A. M. Merenlender. 2007. Temporal and spatial relationships between watershed land use and salt marsh disturbance in a Pacific estuary. Environmental Management 39(1):98-112.

Byrd, K. B. and N. M. Kelly. 2006. Salt marsh vegetation response to edaphic and topographical changes from upland sedimentation in a Pacific estuary. Wetlands 26(3):813-829.

Byrd, K. B., N. M. Kelly, and E. Van Dyke. 2004. Decadal changes in a Pacific estuary: a multi-source remote sensing approach for historical ecology. GIScience and Remote Sensing 41(4):347-370.

Byrd, K. B., V. T. Parker, D. R. Vogler, and K. W. Cullings. 2000. The influence of clear-cutting on ectomycorrhizal fungus diversity in a lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) stand, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, and Gallatin National Forest, Montana. Canadian Journal of Botany 78(2):149-156.

Byrd, K. B. 2005. Temporal and Spatial Linkages Between Watershed Land Use and Wetland Vegetation Response in the Elkhorn Slough Watershed, Monterey, County, California. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. 173 pp.

Byrd, K. B. 1998. The Influence of Clear-cutting on Ectomycorrhizal Fungus Diversity in a Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta) Stand, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, and Gallatin National Forest, Montana. M.A. Thesis. San Francisco State University. 103 pp
Academic Background: Ph.D. Environmental Science, Policy and Management University of California, Berkeley 2005
M.A. Ecology and Systematics San Francisco State University 1998
B.S. Environmental Science Cornell University, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences 1993
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Laura Dinitz
Operations Research Analyst
Menlo Park, CA
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/ldinitz
Project Skills: Hazards - Risk analysis of natural hazards
Tools and Techniques - Decision-support tools, simulation, mathematical and statistical modeling, ArcGIS, Splus, Adobe Illustrator, basic software programming
GIS - Spatial analysis and modeling for natural-hazards risk research
Current/Recent Projects: The Land Use Portfolio Model (LUPM): A decision-support system for analyzing risk of natural- hazards and return-on-investment of alternative risk-reduction options.

The Multi-Hazard Demonstration Project (MHDP): Analysis of economic consequences of the ShakeOut earthquake-hazard scenario.
Academic Background: University of Arizona, M.S., Industrial Engineering, 1995
University of Michigan, B.A., Applied Mathematics, 1992
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Dennis G. Dye
Research Geographer
Project Skills: Ecosystem Science - Remote sensing-based modeling of terrestrial ecosystem processes (primary production, ecosystem- atmosphere carbon exchange); In situ and satellite-based monitoring of photosynthetically active radiation, vegetation phenology, and vegetation- climate relations.
Climate Change - Satellite-based analysis of interannual snow-cover dynamics, photosynthetically active radiation, and vegetation-climate relations.
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Satellite-based modeling and analysis of the effects of land cover change on the terrestrial carbon budget.
Remote Sensing - Analysis of vegetation biophysical properties and dynamics with time-series, multispectral satellite observations; Sensor development for ground-based measurement of photosynthetically active radiation. International collaboration and capacity building in remote sensing of terrestrial vegetation and ecosystem carbon dynamics. During 2008-2012 serves as Secretary for Working Group 8 (Land) of Commission VIII (Remote Sensing Applications and Policies) of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS).
Geographic Regions: North America, East and Southeast Asia, Northern Eurasia, boreal forest, tropical forest.
Collaborations: Various international research collaborations with groups in East Asia (Japan) and Southeast Asia (Thailand, Indonesia). Prior to joining USGS, employed in Japan as Senior Scientist and Group Leader with the Ecosystem Change Research Program of the JAMSTEC Frontier Research Center for Global Change. During 2008-2012, serves as Secretary for Working Group 8 (Land) of Commission VIII (Remote Sensing Applications and Policies) of the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS).
Recent Publications: Delbart, Nicolas, Picard, Ghislain, Le Toan, Thuy, Kergoat, Laurant, Queqan, Shaun, Woodward, Ian, Dye, Dennis, and Fedotova, Violetta, 2008. Spring Phenology in boreal Eurasia over a nearly century time scale, Global Change Biology, 14(3):603-614.  Dye, D G, Kobayashi, H., Wu, P., Sulistyowati, R., Sarodja, D., Syamsudin, F., 2008. Enhanced PAR Irradiance Under Broken Cloud Fields and its Significance for Tropical Forest Photosynthesis, EOS Trans. AGU, 89(53) Fall Meeting Suppl., Abstract B51A-0358.

Suzuki, R., Masuda, K., and Dye, D.G., 2006. Interannual covariability between actual evapotranspiration and PAL and GIMMS NDVIs of Northern Asia. Remote Sensing of Environment, 106:387-398.

Euskirchen, E.S., McGuire, A.D., Kicklighter, D.W., Zhuang, J.S., Clein, R.J., Dargaville, R.J., Dye, D.G., Kimball, J.S., McDonald, K.C., Mellillo, J., Romanovsky, V.W., and Smith, N.V., 2006. Importance of recent shifts in soil thermal dynamics on growing season length, productivity, and carbon sequestration in terrestrial high-latitude ecosystems, Global Change Biology, 12, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01113.x

Dye, D., 2005. Timing and Statistics of Autumn and Spring Annual Snow Cover for the Northern Hemisphere, 1972 to 2000. National Snow and Ice Data Center, Boulder, Colorado. Digital dataset and documentation published online at URL http://nsidc.org/data/g02168.html]
Academic Background: Ph.D., Geography (remote sensing and bioclimatology), University of Maryland, College Park
M.A., Geography (remote sensing and biogeography), University of Maryland, College Park
B.A., Geography and Environmental Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara 
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Leila Gass
Physical Scientist/Biogeographer
Tucson, AZ
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/lgass
Project Skills: GIS - mapping and analyzing spatial patterns and relationships in ecological systems, with a focus on species distribution models
Remote Sensing - modeling land cover change based on Landsat imagery
Geographic Regions: Western United States.
Current/Recent Projects: Species distribution model for the Mojave desert tortoise
National Land Cover Database change analyses and accuracy assessments
Predicting climatic niche of southwest plants under current and future climates
Recent Publications: Thomas, K.A., Guertin, P.P., and Gass, L. 2012. Plant distributions in the southwestern United States; a scenario assessment of the modern-day and future distribution ranges of 166 species. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1020, 83 p. and 166-page appendix.[http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2012/1020/]].

Thomas, K.A., P. Guertin, and L. Gass. 2010. What can predictive modeling tell us about plant vulnerability to climate change in the Southwest? Poster presentation. A workshop on: Natural resource needs related to climate change in the Great Basin and Mojave Desert: research, adaptation, mitigation. 20– 22 April. Las Vegas, Nevada.

Nussear, K.E., Esque, T.C., Inman, R.D., Gass, Leila, Thomas, K.A., Wallace, C.S.A., Blainey, J.B., Miller, D.M., and Webb, R.H. 2009. Modeling habitat of the desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) in the Mojave and parts of the Sonoran Deserts of California, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona. U.S.Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1102, 18 p. [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1102/].

Wallace, C.S.A., and L. Gass. 2008. Elevation derivatives for Mojave Desert Tortoise Habitat models. U.S. GeologicalSurvey Open-File Report 2008-1283, 7 p.[http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1283/].

Thomas, K.A., L. Gass, K. Nussear, and T. Esque. 2008. Predictive models of suitable habitat for the Mojave desert tortoise: "Truthiness" in pseudo-absence. Abstract and poster. 2nd USGS Modeling Conference. 11 ? 15 February. Orange Beach, AL.

Norman, L.M., M. Gishey, L. Gass, B. Yanites, E. Pfeifer, R. Simms, and R. Ahlbrant. 2006. Processed 1938 aerial photography for selected areas of the lower Colorado River, southwestern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1141 [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1141/].

Ladd, C. and L. Gass. 1999. Golden-cheeked Warbler (Dendroica chrysoparia). In The Birds of North America (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and The American Ornithologist' Union, Washington, D.C.

Academic Background: MA: Biology (Minor: Geography), Southwest Texas State University, San Marcos
BA: Psychobiology, University of California, Santa Cruz
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Michael Gishey
Information Technology Specialist
Project Skills: Tools and Techniques - ArcGIS, ERDAS, Web site development, Oracle DB support; computer programming-Perl, Javascript, CSS, HTML
GIS - Data generation, integration, and analysis in support of the National Geologic Map Database.
Current/Recent Projects: Web site developer and Oracle DB support for the National Geologic Map Database
Academic Background: BS, Geography, Arizona State University
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Mike Gould
Menlo Park
Project Skills: Tools and Techniques - ArcGIS, Web site development, computer programming - TAL, LISP, COBOL, C, C++, PHP, Javascript, CSS, HTML
Other Interests/Skills: ArcGIS Server, Google Maps Mashups, Data Base server, Photoshop.
Current/Recent Projects: Western Geographic Science Center internal and external web site development, Land Cover Trends web site development, Puget Sound web site development, Dasymetric mapping tools development
Academic Background: Graduate Certificate in GIS, 2006 San Jose State University
AS Electronic Technology, 1981 Foothill College
BA, Geography, 1974 San Jose State University
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Glenn Griffith
Physical Scientist
Corvallis, OR
Project Skills: Ecosystem Science - ecosystem regionalization and mapping
Water Science - regional and national patterns of water quality, stream reference sites, lake regions
Tools and Techniques - Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Photoshop, ArcGIS
Cartography - Map production and design
Other Interests/Skills: Watershed management, Ecosystem management.
Geographic Regions: North America..
Current/Recent Projects: California ecoregions, Arizona ecoregions
Collaborations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory - Western Ecology Division. Multiple state and federal agencies in state ecoregion projects. Commission for Environmental Cooperation.
Recent Publications: Bryce, S.A., Griffith, G.E., Omernik, J.M., Edinger, G., Indrick, S., Vargas, O., and Carlson, D., 2010, Ecoregions of New York (color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs): Reston, Virginia, U.S. Geological Survey (map scale 1:1,250,000).

Griffith, G.E., Omernik, J.M., Bryce, S.A., Royte, J., Hoar, W.D., Homer, J., Keirstead, D., Metzler, K.J., and Hellyer, G., 2009, Ecoregions of New England (color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs): Reston, Virginia, U.S. Geological Survey (map scale 1:1,325,000).

Griffith, G.E., Omernik, J.M., McGraw, M.M., Jacobi, G.Z., Canavan, C.M., Schrader, T.S., Mercer, D., Hill, R., and Moran, B.C., 2006, Ecoregions of New Mexico (color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs): Reston, Virginia, U.S. Geological Survey (map scale 1:1,400,000).

Daigle, J.J., Griffith, G.E., Omernik, J.M., Faulkner, P., McCulloh, R.P., Handley, L.R., and Chapman, S.S., 2006, Ecoregions of Louisiana (color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs): Reston, Virginia, U.S. Geological Survey (map scale 1:1,000,000).

Chapman, S.S., Griffith, G.E., Omernik, J.M., Price, A.B., Freeouf, J., and Schrupp, D.L., 2006, Ecoregions of Colorado (2 sided color poster with map, descriptive text, summary tables, and photographs): Reston, Virginia, U.S. Geological Survey, (map scale 1:1,200,000).
Academic Background: MS, Resource Geography, Minor: Water Resources, 1983, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR
BS, Geography, 1979, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR
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Jeanne Jones
Menlo Park, CA
Project Skills: Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Data management and statistical analysis of land cover data
Tools and Techniques - custom geospatial software tools and applications, R software and statistics
GIS - ArcGIS, ArcGIS Server, spatial analysis, Python, geodatabases
Other Interests/Skills: historical GIS, fuzzy measures, multi-criteria decision analysis.
Geographic Regions: California.
Current/Recent Projects: Land Cover Trends: focuses on understanding the rates, trends, causes, and consequences of contemporary U.S. land use and land cover change.
Tsunami Evacuation Potential Assessment: determines inundation zones and evacuation travel times to safety.
Benefits Estimation for a Future Land Imaging Program: examines benefits of moderate resolution land imagery in environmental applications.
Academic Background: San Jose State University, M.A., Geography, 2010
Santa Clara University, Computer Science and Applied Mathematics, 1982-1986
Boston University, B.S., Electrical Engineering, 1980
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Jason Kreitler
Research Geographer
Boise, ID
office(208) 426-5217, (cell) (208) 854-9440
Project Skills: Hazards - Wildfire risk and vulnerability
Ecosystem Science - Ecosystem services
Climate Change - Geography of climate change; Climate gap analysis; Connectivity
Tools and Techniques - Spatial analysis for conservation and resource issues
GIS - Spatial decision support for conservation resource allocation; Spatial cost modeling for conservation planning
Geographic Regions: California, Puget Sound, Western United States.
Current/Recent Projects: The Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model: Research investigating ecosystem service demand by looking at variation in recreational behavior, and how it relates to environmental condition, travel costs, and amenities.

Evaluating the potential climate connectivity of wildlife corridors

Cumulative Biological Impacts Framework for Solar Energy Projects in the California Desert:
Collaborations: The Biogeography Lab at UCSB; UC Berkeley; Washington State Dept. of Ecology; Washington State Parks; Forest Service; Fish and Wildlife Service;
Recent Publications: Stoms, D.M., Kreitler, J., and F.W. Davis. (2010). The power of information for cost-effective  conservation. Environmental Modeling and Software. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2010.03.008

Borchert, M., F. W. Davis, and J. Kreitler. (2007). Carnivore use of an avocado orchard in Southern California. California Fish and Game 94, (2) 61-74.

Machado, E. A., D. M. Stoms, F. W. Davis, and J. Kreitler. (2006). Prioritizing farmland preservation cost-effectively for multiple objectives. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 61, (6) 250-258.
Academic Background: Ph.D., Environmental Science and Management, UCSB (Winter, 2010)
M.E.S.M, Environmental Science and Management, UCSB, 2005
B.A., Biology, Colorado College, 2001
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Adam McClure
Student Geographer
Menlo Park, CA
Project Skills: Hazards - Landslide analysis, Tsunami planning
Water Science - Water sampling and testing
Climate Change - California rangeland climate projections
Tools and Techniques - ESRI ArcGIS, ERDAS Imagine, Python
GIS - Data analysis and management, spatial analysis
Remote Sensing - Aerial photography production and analysis, LiDAR
Other - Digital aerial photography camera operator
Other Interests/Skills: Conservation, wetland rehabilitation, water, transportation planning.
Geographic Regions: California, San Francisco Bay Area, Western United States.
Current/Recent Projects: Historical landslide analysis, coastal storm surge preparation, water quality monitoring in SF Bay delta
Recent Publications: Hsu, W., Remar, A., Williams, E., McClure, A., Kannan, S., Steers, R., Schmidt, C., and Skiles, J. The Changing California Coast: Relationships between Climatic Variables and Coastal Vegetation Succession. Earthzine: Fostering Earth Observation and Global Awareness (July 2012).
Academic Background: B.A., Geography, University of California at Santa Barbara, 2004
GIS Certificate, City College of San Francisco, 2007
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Barry Middleton
Flagstaff, AZ
Project Skills: Climate Change - Glacial Change mapping
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Landcover mapping, grassland condition monitoring, annual/invasive plant mapping and monitoring
Tools and Techniques - ERDAS Imagine, Adobe Photoshop, ArcMap/ArcScene, satellite image data calibration techniques, scientific photography
Remote Sensing - Landsat, MODIS, Quickbird satellite imagery, aerial photography mosaics, remote sensing/software training
Other Interests/Skills: Landscape and astrophotography.
Geographic Regions: Southwestern US, Pacific coastal forests.
Current/Recent Projects: Tribal Lands Project chief (monitoring grassland condition)
Collaborations: Working with BIA and San Carlos Apache Tribe, Museum of Northern Arizona, PBS Frontline World
Academic Background: University of Arizona and New Mexico State Univ.
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Peter Ng
Computer Scientist
Menlo Park, CA
Project Skills: Hazards - Land Use Portfolio Model (LUPM) software development; Lake Tahoe Decision Support System.
Cartography - Previous work on tools and Applications development to support cartographic product production, which included the Digital Orthophoto Quadrangel (DOQ) program.
GIS - ArcGIS desktop application development using ArcEngine; ArcGIS extensions and tools development using ArcObjects libraries; other GIS programming using Carbon Tools, MS Virtual Earth, Google Maps, and Google Earth.
Tools and Techniques - Database modeling, design, and development using Oracle, Access, SQL Server, and MySQL; programming using Microsoft's .NET framework and Java J2SE platform; programming experience using C#, Basic, C/C++, Java, Javascript, Perl, and XML; Oracle programming using Oracle Pro*C/C++, PL/SQL, Designer and Developer IDEs.
Other Interests/Skills: Software applications and tools..
Current/Recent Projects: LUPM Software Development. Develop software to implement the LUPM, which is a methodology for estimating the economic impact of hazard mitigation investment decisions. Several packages of the software are available, enabling the software to be deployed and used in several ways: 1) within the ArcMap desktop application, 2) as a stand-alone application, 3) as a plug-in inside another application, and 4) as geoprocessing tools employed in ArcGIS ModelBuilder.
Academic Background: M.B.A., Telecommunications, 1997 University of San Francisco, San Francisco, California
B.S., Computer Science, 1990 San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California
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Laura Norman
Research Physical Scientist
Tucson, AZ
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/lnorman
Geographic Regions: Southwest and Western United States, Northern Mexico, Ambos Nogales, Patagonia Mountains, Naco/Naco, Bisbee, Douglas, Agua Prieta, Lower Colorado River, Mexican Highland Ecoregion, and the Madrean Sky Island Archipelago.
Current/Recent Projects:
  1. Working with partners, water harvesting structures are being installed and monitored for progressand success rates over time. Terrestrial monitoring documents the hydrological impacts of waterharvesting devices and helps identify sits for future installation. Landsat Thematic Mappersatellite imagery and the derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) values are beingused to monitor changes in vegetation greenness at a desert wetland. Hydrological geospatial models,including the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) and the Kinematic Runoff and Erosion Model(KINEROS2) are being used (with Terrestrial LiDAR (T-LiDAR) datasets) to monitor changes in surfaceflow, infiltration, and sediment build-up at new check dams and detention features. T-LiDAR data arealso being used to examine changes in vegetation structure and channel dimensions. Hydrographs aredeveloped using Continuous Slope Area methods to be input to calibrate watershed models forlong-term predictions. Visit the Aridland Water Harvesting Study Website

  2. In cooperation with the US EPA, Southwest Ecosystem Services Project, the USGS developed the Santa Cruz Watershed Ecosystem Portfolio Model (SCWEPM). The SCWEPM tool will help to formalize andbroaden the scope of the decision-making process by representing ecosystems services equally viaeconomic valuation to be considered more readily in scenario and trade-off analyses in thiscrossborder watershed.

  3. In the Ambos Nogales binational watershed, developing appropriate land-use, watershed-management, and flood-attenuation plans are critical. Results were derived from coupling urban growth, hydrological, and nonpoint source pollution models to make estimates of current, future, and hypothetical conditions. Geographic Information Systems (GIS), remote sensing, and a watershed approach were used to create products used in a comprehensive plan for sustainable development at Ambos Nogales.

  4. The USGS U.S.-Mexico Border Environmental Health Initiative (BEHI) project is responsible for the development and hosting of transboundary datasets, standards, and web mapping services working in close collaboration with the Mexican Geography and Census Bureau (INEGI) and the International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC). A multidisciplinary team of scientists under the BEHI, developed a research and monitoring program to understand and document the complex movement of natural and anthropogenic contaminants through the Upper Santa Cruz River Watershed.

Click here to see the students who work in Laura's projects.
Collaborations: Research is in collaboration and consideration of many partners including the Arizona Department Emergency and Military Affairs (ADEMA), Arizona Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ), Arizona Department of Water Resources (ADWR), Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS), Arizona Land and Water Trust (ALWT), Arizona State University (ASU), Bat Conservation International (BCI), Borderlands Restoration (BR), Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Bureau of Reclamation (BoR), Comisión Internacional de Límites y Aguas (CILA), City of Nogales-Sonora, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (COLEF), Cuenca los Ojos (CLO), Forest Service (USFS), Friends of the Santa Cruz River (FOSCR), Global Community, Instituto Municipal de Investigación y Planeacíon (IMIP-Nogales, Sonora),the Instituto Tecnológico de Nogales(ITN), International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC), Lacher Hydrological, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Parks Service (NPS), Organismo Operador Municipal de Agua Potable, Alcantarillado y Saneamiento de Nogales, Sonora (OOMAPAS-NS), Pima County, Santa Cruz County Flood Control, Sonoran Institute (SI), Sky Island Alliance (SIA), Stream Dynamics, The Nature Conservancy (TNC), University of Arizona (UA), University of Rochester, US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), US Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Station (USDA-ARS), US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), and Watershed Management Group (WMG).
Recent Publications: **For a complete list of publications, please visit Laura's professional profile website at https://profile.usgs.gov/lnorman

Norman, L. M., Villarreal, M. L., Pulliam, H. R., Minckley, R., Gass, L., Tolle, C., and Coe, M. (2014). Remote sensing analysis of riparian vegetation response to desert marsh restoration in the Mexican Highlands. Ecological Engineering, 70C, 241–254. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.05.012 (Click here to see an interactive presentation with voice-over audio recordings made available on ScienceDirect.)

Norman, L.M., Villarreal, Miguel L., Niraula, Rewati, Meixner, Thomas, Frisvold, George, Labiosa, William. (2013). "Framing Scenarios of Binational Water Policy with a Tool to Visualize, Quantify and Valuate Changes in Ecosystem Services." Water 5, no. 3: 852-874. (Also available online at http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/5/3/852).

Norman, L.M., Shuster, Rudy, and Parcher, Jean. (2013). Chapter 6. Challenge Theme 4. People in the Borderlands; In Updike, R.G., Ellis, E.G., Page, W.R., Parker, M.J., Hestbeck, J.B., and Horak, W.F., eds., 2012, United States–Mexican Borderlands—Facing tomorrow’s challenges through USGS science: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1380, 318 p., 1 pl.. (Also available online at http://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1380/).

Norman, Laura M., Feller, Mark and Villarreal, Miguel L., 2012 In Press, "Developing Spatially Explicit Footprints of Plausible Land-Use Scenarios in the Santa Cruz Watershed", Arizona and Sonora, Landscape and Urban Planning.

Norman, L.M., Caldeira, F., Callegary, J., Gray, F., O’Rourke, M. K., Meranza, V., and Rijn, S. (2012). Socio-Environmental Health Analysis in Nogales, Sonora, Mexico. Water Quality, Exposure and Health. doi:10.1007/s12403-012-0067-x (Also available online at http://www.springerlink.com/index/10.1007/s12403-012-0067-x).

Norman, L.M., Feller, M., and Villarreal, M. L. (2012). Developing spatially explicit footprints of plausible land-use scenarios in the Santa Cruz Watershed, Arizona and Sonora. Landscape and Urban Planning, 107(3), 225–235. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.06.015 (Also available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204612002101).

Norman, L.M., Villarreal, M. L., Lara-Valencia, F., Yuan, Y., Nie, W., Wilson, S., Amaya, G., and Sleeter, R. (2012). Mapping socio-environmentally vulnerable populations access and exposure to ecosystem services at the U.S.–Mexico borderlands. Applied Geography, 34(0), 413–424. doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2012.01.006 (Also available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143622812000082).

Academic Background: Ph.D. Watershed Resources, Minor in Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis, University of Arizona, 2005.
Computer Programming Specialist Certificate: Programming in Visual Basic, Pima Community College, 2002.
M.S., Watershed Management, Advanced Resource Technology Option, University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz., 2000.
B.S., Forestry, Minor in Cultural Anthropology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, 1994. s
Image of Staff Member
Jeffrey Peters
Student Geographer
Menlo Park, CA
Project Skills: Hazards - Earthquake and Tsunami risk and vulnerability analyses
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Anisotropic evacuation modeling, South Florida Ecosystem Portfolio Model
Cartography - Map design and visualization, interactive web-based maps
GIS - Data analysis and management, Spatial analysis
Remote Sensing - Aerial and satellite imagery analysis
Other - Website design and management, graphic design and image manipulation
Geographic Regions: California, California coast, Alaska small towns.
Current/Recent Projects: Tsunami evacuation analysis of five towns in Alaska, Tsunami risk and vulnerability for California coastal communities, Website design http://geography.wr.usgs.gov/science/croplands/

Collaborations: Geography department at San Jose State University
Recent Publications: Nathan J. Wood, Mathew C. Schmidtlein, Jeff Peters, 2014, Changes in population evacuation potential for tsunami hazards in Seward, Alaska, since the 1964 Good Friday earthquake, Natural Hazards, Volume 70, Issue 2, pp 1031-1053.

Wood, N., Ratliff, J., and Peters, J., 2013. Community exposure to tsunami hazards in California. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012-5222, iv, 49 p.

Wood, N., Ratliff, J., Peters, J., and Shoaf, K., 2013, Population vulnerability and evacuation challenges in California for the SAFRR tsunami scenario, chap. I in Ross, S.L., and Jones, L.M., eds., The SAFRR (Science Application for Risk Reduction) Tsunami Scenario: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013-1170, 53 p.
Academic Background: A.A., Psychology, Cabrillo College, 2008
B.A., Geography, San Jose State University, 2010
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Ed Pfeifer
Team Chief, Southwest Geographic Science Team
Flagstaff/Tucson AZ
Project Skills: Ecosystem Science - Wild Sheep Habitat Studies
Climate Change -
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Tribal Lands and Assessment of Desertification Processes and Grazing Conditions using Remotely Sensed imagery.
Remote Sensing - Tribal Lands and Assessment of Desertification Processes and Grazing Conditions using Remotely Sensed imagery.
Other - Project Management,
Geographic Regions: Southwestern US, Colorado Plateau, Alaska.
Recent Publications: USGS Open File Report (URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1135/index.html)
Dall's Sheep Project Website: http://sgst.wr.usgs.gov/alaska
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Jamie Ratliff
Menlo Park, CA
(650) 329-4125
Project Skills: Hazards - Population exposure to hazards, risk communication, vulnerability, multi-hazard analysis
GIS - Data preparation and processing, spatial analysis, raster analysis, mapping and visualization
Other - Qualitative data coding (NVivo)
Geographic Regions: California.
Current/Recent Projects: Science Application for Risk Reduction (SAFRR):

Haywired earthquake scenario--multi-hazard hotspot analysis for lifelines (power, communication,water, roads); GIS analysis for liquefaction mapping; GIS-based development of inputs for ShakeMap earthquake shaking for Haywired mainshock; data preparation for integration of custom liquefaction and landslide probabilities with Hazus

Risk communication--coding of transcripts from interviews/focus groups conducted in New Zealand foruse in analysis of how aftershock information was communicated during the Canterbury earthquake sequence

SAFRR tsunami scenario--GIS population exposure analysis for the California coast to a scenario tsunami originating in Alaska; GIS agriculture exposure analysis; general data preparation and management

Risk and Vulnerability:

Washington (earthquakes)--GIS population exposure analysis for 20 earthquake scenarios in Washington state; comparison of population exposure between types of ShakeMap data outputs (PGA and MMI)

California (tsunami)--GIS population and land cover exposure analysis for the California coast to a planning-based maximum tsunami inundation zone
Recent Publications: Wein, A., Ratliff, J., Baez, A., and Sleeter, R., 2014, Regional analysis of social characteristics for evacuation resource planning: ARkStorm scenario, Natural Hazards Review, in press.

Wood, N., Ratliff, J., Schelling, J., and Weaver, C., 2014, Comparing population exposure to multiple Washington earthquake scenarios for prioritizing loss estimation studies, Applied Geography, 52, 191-203, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143622814001088.

Wood, N., Ratliff, J., Peters, J., and Shoaf, K., 2013, Population vulnerability and evacuation challenges in California for the SAFRR tsunami scenario, chap. I in Ross, S.L., and Jones, L.M., eds., The SAFRR (Science Application for Risk Reduction) Tsunami Scenario: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013–1170, 53 p., http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2013/1170/i/.

Porter, K., Byers, W., Dykstra, D., Lim, A., Lynett, P., Ratliff, J., Scawthorn, C., Wein, A., and Wilson, R., 2013, The SAFRR tsunami scenario—Physical damage in California, chap. E in Ross, S.L., and Jones, L.M., eds., The SAFRR (Science Application for Risk Reduction) Tsunami Scenario: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013–1170, 168 p., http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2013/1170/e/.

Byrd, K., Ratliff, J., Bliss, N., Wein, A., Sleeter, B., Sohl, T., and Li, Z., 2013, Quantifying climate change mitigation potential in the United States Great Plains wetlands for three greenhouse gas emission scenarios, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 27 p., http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11027-013-9500-0.

Wood, N., Ratliff, J., and Peters, J., 2012, Community Exposure to Tsunami Hazards in California, Scientific Investigations Report 2012–5222 01/2012; U.S. Geological Survey, 49 p., http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2012/5222/.

Ratliff, J., Wood, N., and Weaver, C., 2011, Community Exposure and Sensitivity to Earthquake Hazards in Washington State [abs], presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco, CA, http://abstractsearch.agu.org/meetings/2011/FM/sections/NH/sessions/NH31A/abstracts/NH31A-1523.html.

Ratliff, J., Wood, N., and Weaver, C., 2011, Community Exposure and Sensitivity to Earthquake Hazards in Washington State [abs], presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers in Seattle, WA, http://meridian.aag.org/callforpapers/program/AbstractDetail.cfm?AbstractID=37729.

Wood, N. and Ratliff, J., 2011, Population and Business Exposure to Twenty Scenario Earthquakes in the State of Washington, Open-File Report 2011-1016 01/2011; U.S. Geological Survey, 13 p., http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1016/.
Academic Background: MA, Geography, San Jose State University (2012)
BA, Geography, San Jose State University (2007)
AA, Global Studies, De Anza College (2004)
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Benjamin M. Sleeter
Menlo Park
(650) 329-4350
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/bsleeter
Project Skills: Climate Change - The role of land cover and land use in reigonal climate chaneg studies.
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Land cover change in the Western United States, change detection using remotely sensed data, image interpretation, statistical methods to derive estimates of change, urbanization and agricultural change in California
Cartography - Map production and design
Tools and Techniques - GISand remote sensing applications: ArcGIS, Erdas Imagine, ENVI Graphics and cartographic design: Adobe CS
GIS - Spatial analysis and raster data processing
Remote Sensing - Digital image procesing, change detection, image classification techniques
Geographic Regions: Western United States, California, Ecoregions.
Current/Recent Projects: Land Cover Trends in the Conterminous United States: Rates, Consequences of land cover change between 1973 and 2000
Academic Background: MA Geography California State University Hayward 2001
BS Geography California State University Hayward 1998
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Rachel Sleeter
Menlo Park, CA.
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/rsleeter
Project Skills: Hazards - Using Dasymetric Mapping techniques to map population in relation to Hazard- prone regions, community vulnerability
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Multi-temporal change studies, Land Use Land Cover modeling
Cartography - Thematic Mapping, Cartographic Integrity, Layout Design
Tools and Techniques - Photogrammetry for Ortho-rectification, DTM generation, Image processing with Adobe Products
GIS - Spatial and 3D analysis, Geoprocessing, Geocoding, Areal Interpolation, Dasymetric Mapping
Remote Sensing - Image interpretaion (supervised and unsupervised classification), photogrammetry, feature extraction, understanding of multiple sensors (radar, LIDAR, Landsat, Sonar)
Geographic Regions: San Francisco Bay Area, Pacific Northwest.
Current/Recent Projects: Dasymetric Mapping Techniques applied to the San Francisco Bay Area and the Oregon Coast. Dasymetric Mapping takes standardized, demographic, census data and redistributes population values to more meaningful zones. These zones are defined by land use/land cover data, portraying the actual changing densities within census units. A refined census map is useful for the spatial analysis of population vulnerability.
Recent Publications: Burns, W.J., Mickelson, K.A., Jones, C.B., Pickner, S.G., Hughes, K.L., Sleeter, R., 2013. Landslide hazard and risk study of northwestern Clackamas County, Oregon: Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries, Open-File Report O-13-08

Sleeter, Rachel, A New Method for Mapping Population Distribution: U. S. Geological Survey Factsheet 2008-3010 [http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2008/3010/]

Sleeter, Rachel, and Gould, Michael, 2007,Geographic information system software to remodel population data  using dasymetric mapping methods: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 11-C2, 15 p.

Sleeter, R., N. Wood, 2006, Estimating daytime and nighttime population density for coastal communites in Oregon: Urban and Regional Information Systems Association, Annual Conference, Proceedings, Vancouver, BC, September 26-29, 2006.

Sleeter, R. 2006, Dasymetric mapping for estimating exposed populations to natural disasters [abs]: Association of American Geographers conference, San Francisco, CA, April 17-21, 2007.

Sleeter, R., 2004,Dasymetric mapping techniques for the San Francisco Bay region, California: Urban and Regional Information Systems Association, Annual Conference, Proceedings, Reno, Nev., November 7?10, 2004.

Trusty, Rachel, 2004, 0.3-Meter Resolution Orthoimagery, Using Softcopy Photogrammetry Techniques Becomes a Component of The National Map, Through Multi-Agency Collaboration: American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Conference Proceedings, Denver , Colo. , May 24-28, 2004.
Academic Background: M.A., Geography, San Jose State University, 2004
B.S., Geography, University of Oregon, 2000
Certificate in European Cultural Studies, University of Aalborg, Denmark, 1999
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Christopher E. Soulard
Menlo Park, CA
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/csoulard
Project Skills: Hazards - Community vulnerability assessments to tsunamis and volcanic lahars in the Pacific Northwest
Water Science - Snowmelt discharge characteristics in the Sierra Nevada for historical climate change assessment
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Multi-temporal change analysis using Landsat imagery and aerial photography
Tools and Techniques - Field operation of handheld GPS and Tripod LiDAR
GIS - Spatial analysis for vulnerability research. Cartography for reporting of analysis across projects. Proficient in ESRI software.
Remote Sensing - Aerial photo interpretation and digital archiving. Extensive classification experience with moderate and high- resolution imagery. Proficient in ERDAS Imagine and ENVI software.
Geographic Regions: Western United States, Great Basin, Sierra Nevada Mountains.
Current/Recent Projects: Land Cover Trends: Land Cover Trends is a research project focused on understanding the rates, trends, causes, and consequences of contemporary U.S. land use and land cover change. The research is supported by the Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and is a collaborative effort with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Benjamin Sleeter is the project lead.

National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center (NCCWSC) Project: The NCCWSC Project is focused on coupling remote sensing data, climate data, and mammal information to determine how mammals mediate climatically-induced vegetation transitions in alpine ecosystems of the western United States. Rob Klinger of the USGS Western Ecological Research Center is the project lead.

Community vulnerability to volcano hazards: Research focuses on assessing variations in community vulnerability to lahar hazards related to Mount Rainier, Washington. Nathan Wood is the project lead.
Collaborations: National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center Project: USGS Western Ecological Research Center

Community vulnerability to volcano hazards: Washington State Emergency Management Division

LiDAR and Quickbird collection for the Lake Tahoe Basin: Nevada Water Science Center, Tahoe Regional Planning Agency, Lahontan Regional Water Quality Control Board

Terrain models of the Sacramento/San Joaquin Delta Region: USGS Water Resources Western Branch of Regional Research
Recent Publications: Soulard, CE, Esque, TC, Bedford, DR, Bond, S, 2012, The role of fire on soil mounds and surface roughness in the Mojave Desert, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, doi: 10.1002/esp.3264

Soulard, CE, Sleeter, BM, 2012, Late twentieth century land-cover change in the basin and range ecoregions of the United States, Regional Environmental Change DOI 10.1007/s10113-012-0296-3.

Sleeter, B., Wilson, T., and Soulard, C., 2010, Estimation of Late 20th Century Landscape Change in California, Environmental Management (accepted for publication).

Wood, N., and Soulard, C., 2009, Variations in population exposure and sensitivity to lahar hazards from Mount Rainier, Washington, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 188, 367?378.

Wood, Nathan, and Soulard, Christopher, 2009, Community exposure to lahar hazards from Mount Rainier, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5211, 26 p. [ http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5211/ ].

Soulard, Christopher E., and Raumann, Christian G., 2008, Historical orthoimagery of the Lake Tahoe Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 376 [http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/376/].

Coons, Tom, Soulard, Christopher E., and Knowles, Noah, 2008, High-resolution digital terrain models of the Sacramento/San Joaquin Delta Region, California: U.S. Geological Survey, Data Series 359 [http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/359/].

Wood, Nathan, and Soulard, Christopher, 2008, Variations in community exposure and sensitivity to tsunami hazards on the open-ocean and Strait of Juan de Fuca coasts of Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5004 [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2008/5004/].

Soulard, Christopher E., Raumann, Christian G., and Wilson, Tamara S., 2007, Land-cover trends of the Southern California Mountains ecoregion: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5235 [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5235/].

Raumann, Christian G., and Soulard, Christopher E., 2007, Land-cover trends of the Sierra Nevada Ecoregion, 1973-2000: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5011  [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5011/].

Soulard, Christopher E., 2006, Land-cover trends of the Central Basin and Range ecoregion: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006-5288 [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2006/5288/].

Peterson, David, Smith, Richard, Stewart, Iris, Knowles, Noah, Soulard, Chris, and Hager, Stephen, 2005, Snowmelt discharge characteristics Sierra Nevada, California: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5056 [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2005/5056/].
Academic Background: M.A., Geography, San Jose State University, 2005 Concentrations: Remote Sensing, Land-Cover Change Thesis: The Impact of Dam Construction on Land-Cover: New Melones Dam, 1972-2001
B.A., Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, 2003
B.A., Environmental Studies, , University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, 2003
Image of Staff Member
Prasad S. Thenkabail
Research Geographer-14
Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/pthenkabail
Project Skills: Hyperspectral remote sensing - Hyperspectral remote sensing of natural vegetation and agricultural crops. Study of hyperspectral remote sensing for biophysical and biochemical properties of vegetation. Developing perspectives on "curse" of data volumes and Hughes phenomenon. Study of optimal wavebands in study of vegetation.
Global croplands - Studying global croplands using multi-resolution remote sensing. Development of methods, approaches, and algorithms. Developing Knowledge-based Algorithms for automated Agricultural Cropland Mapping Using Fusion of Landsat, MODIS, Secondary, and in-situ Data.
Water Science - Linking global croplands to their water use. Assessment of green water (from rainfed croplands) and blue water (form irrigated croplands). Surface energy balance modeling.
Food security - Linking global croplands and their water use to food security issues.
Climate Change and carbon - Carbon flux estimates from biomass in rainforests and and other natural vegetation using advanced remote sensing.
Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) - Uncertainties in ECVs.
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Drought monitoring using remote sensing. Agricultural cropland studies using hyperspectral, hyperspatial, and advanced multispectral data.
GIS - Spatial modeling for decision making
Remote Sensing - – Methods and approaches of using hyperspectral, hyperspatial, and advanced multispectral data in natural resources assessment and management of Planet Earth.
Other Interests/Skills: International Development and Conservation, Committee for Earth Observation Systems (CEOS), Agriculture Societal Beneficial Area (SBA), Water for the World, Lands surface imaging..
Geographic Regions: Africa, Asia, Middle-East, United States.
Current/Recent Projects: Current:
Hyperspectral remote sensing of vegetation: comprehensive state-of-artGlobal cropland mapping methods: Methodology development for global cropland mapping through development of automated algorithms

Recent past:
Global irrigated area map (GIAM) and Global map of rainfed cropland areas (GMRCA)
Collaborations: Coordinator (2010-present): Committee for Earth Observation Systems (CEOS) Agriculture Societal Beneficial Area (SBA);

USGS Science Advisor (2010-present): for Land Surface Imaging Virtual Constellation Team

Co-Lead (2010-present): Water for the World Project of IEEE

Adjunct Professor, Department of Soil, Water, and Environmental Science (SWES), University of Arizona (UoA)

Member (2007-2011): Landsat Science Team

Work experience spans over 25+ Countries spread across West and Central Africa, Southern Africa, South Asia, Middle-East, Hindu-Kush Himalayas, and the United States of America. Currently employed with U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) based in Flagstaff, Arizona. Earlier, lead remote sensing programs in 3 International centers:

(1) International Water Management Institute (IWMI): Principal Researcher, Head of remote sensing and GIS,, and one of the 3 group heads of the global research division with the IWMI based in Sri Lanka with global mandate for water;

(2) International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD): Remote sensing expert, based in ICIMOD Nepal with mandate to work in Hindu-Kush Himalayas;

(3) International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA): Remote sensing expert, based in Nigeria with mandate to work in sub-Saharan Africa. He also worked as research scientist with:

(4) Yale Center for Earth Observation (YCEO): Associate research scientists, YCEO, Yale University, USA;

(5) National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA): Scientist, NRSA, Indian Space Research Organization, India.
Recent Publications: 1 book and 70+ peer-reviewed articles published. See professional page for more information

1.1 Book

Thenkabail. P., Lyon, G.J., Turral, H., and Biradar, C.M. 2009. Book entitled:“Remote Sensing of Global Croplands for Food Security” (CRC Press- Taylor and Francis group, Boca Raton, London, New York. Pp. 556 (48 pages in color). Published in June, 2009.

1.2 Peer-reviewed papers

Thenkabail, P.S. 2010. Guest Editor: Special issue on "Global Croplands" for Journal Remote Sensing. Total: 15 papers. http://www.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing/special_issues/croplands . 21 articles published including:

Thenkabail P.S., Hanjra M.A., Dheeravath V., Gumma M. A. 2010. A Holistic View of Global Croplands and Their Water Use for Ensuring Global Food Security in the 21st Century through Advanced Remote Sensing and Non-remote Sensing Approaches. Journal Remote Sensing. 2(1):211-261. doi:10.3390/rs2010211. http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/2/1/211.

Thenkabail, P.S., Biradar C.M., Noojipady, P., Dheeravath, V., Li, Y.J., Velpuri, M., Gumma, M., Reddy, G.P.O., Turral, H., Cai, X. L., Vithanage, J., Schull, M., and Dutta, R. 2009. Global irrigated area map (GIAM), derived from remote sensing, for the end of the last millennium. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 30(14): 3679-3733. July, 20, 2009.

Thenkabail, P.S., GangadharaRao, P., Biggs, T., Krishna, M., and Turral, H., 2007. Spectral Matching Techniques to Determine Historical Land use/Land cover (LULC) and Irrigated Areas using Time-series AVHRR Pathfinder Datasets in the Krishna River Basin, India. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing. 73(9): 1029-1040. (Second Place Recipients of the 2008 John I. Davidson ASPRS President’s Award for Practical papers).

Thenkabail, P.S., Schull, M., Turral, H. 2005. Ganges and Indus River Basin Land Use/Land Cover (LULC) and Irrigated Area Mapping using Continuous Streams of MODIS Data. Remote Sensing of Environment. Remote Sensing of Environment, 95(3): 317-341.
Academic Background: 1992 Ph.D. Agricultural Engineering (remote sensing: dissertation and specialization), Ohio State University (USA).
1984 M.E. Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering, Mysore University (India).
1981 Civil Engineering, Mysore University (India).
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Mara Tongue
Team Chief, Pacific Geographic Science Team
Menlo Park, CA
Project Skills: Cartography - Mapping, feature extraction, map design, and database management
GIS - Spatial analysis and raster data processing
Remote Sensing - Land use mapping from imagery (Landsat)
Other Interests/Skills: Project management.
Recent Publications: U.S. Geological Survey Menlo Park campus; self-guided tour 2007, Colvard, Elizabeth M.; Tongue, Mara G.; Gordon, Leslie C., USGS Fact Sheet: 2007-3072.

Geographic Research in the USGS Western Region 2007, Tongue, Mara; USGS Fact Sheet: 2007-3067
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Alicia Torregrosa
Physical Scientist
Menlo Park
Project Skills: Hazards - mapping dynamic riparian and coastal systems
Ecosystem Science - ecossytem models to guide land management activities
Water Science - watershed analysis
Climate Change - thermochron network design and implementation
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - deriving metrics to quantify secondary effects from human footprint
Tools and Techniques - geospatial statistics, knowledge management systems, collaborative decision support,
GIS - mapping, analysis, and web server
Remote Sensing - land cover classification, deriving phenolgical metrics,
Additional Language Fluency - French and Spanish
Other Interests/Skills: Transdisciplinary science, epistemology, science as art..
Geographic Regions: San Francisco Bay Area, Sierra Nevada Mountains, Great Basin, Pacific coastal margin..
Current/Recent Projects: Resource Management Assessment and Tools (9848 CAF) Objective: Develop analytical methods to expand the use of existing and future remote sensing data to accurately measure and map the land-cover attributes needed by resource managers.

Great Basin Multi-disciplinary Information for Adaptive Management (9183BOX) Objective: Derive and investigate the use of phenological metrics as landscape indicators of ecosystem function. Participate in interdisciplinary team effort to understand the ecological relationships and stressors in the Owyhee Plateau.

Integrated Landscape Monitoring, Great Basin and Puget Sound Pilots (9861CV0 and 9861CXA) Objective: Develop conceptual models and knowledge management systems to guide indicator development and monitoring strategies.
Collaborations: National Park Service, San Francisco and Klamath Networks, Inventory and Monitoring Program: analyzing and synthesizing vital signs indicator data.

Southern Nevada Agency Partnership: geospatial infrastructure review -policy and implementation. Bureau of Land Mangement, California and Nevada State and Field Offices: Greater Sage Grouse knowledge management pilot.

US Forest Service and NatureServe: biodiversity land use planning software design.

US Fish and Wildlife Service: awarded Certificate of Merit (1997) for work on habitat conservation planning for old growth forest species.
Recent Publications: MacMillan, R.A., Torregrosa, A., Moon D., Coupe R., and Phillips, N., 2008, Automated Predictive Mapping of Ecological Entities, in Geomorphology: Concepts, Software, Applications, Developments in Soil Science Vol 33, eds. Hengl, T. and Reuter, H.I., Elsevier, 796 pp.

Torregrosa, A and N. Devoe. 2008. Urbanization and changing land use in the Great Basin. in Chambers, Jeanne C.; Devoe, Nora; Evenden, Angela, eds. Collaborative management and research in the Great Basin—examining the issues and developing a framework for action. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-204. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 66 p.
Academic Background: San Francisco State University, MA, Ecology and Systematics 2000.
University of California, Berkeley, BA, Biology with Field Ecology Emphasis, 1978.
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Miguel Velasco
Flagstaff, Arizona
Project Skills: Hazards - Dust storms
Public Health - Dust monitoring
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Landscape vulnerability using remotely sensed images
Tools and Techniques - ArcGIS, IMAGINE, ENVI, Definiens, Terrestrial LiDAR
Remote Sensing - Digital image processing, change detection, photogrammetry
Geographic Regions: Southwestern US.
Current/Recent Projects: Landscape Vulnerability on the Navajo Nation, Dust Monitoring in the Southwest
Academic Background: B.S., 1992, Northern Arizona University
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Miguel Villarreal
Research Geographer
Menlo Park, CA
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/mvillarreal
Project Skills: Ecosystem Science - Historical vegetation change; Natural disturbances; Wildfire; Riparian systems; Rangelands; Ecosystem services; Biodiversity
Climate Change - Ecosystem monitoring and intervention, Modeling grassland responses to coupled climate and land use changes, Climateand vegetation change scenarios
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Change detection, Landscape ecology, Fragmentation, Land cover change scenario development, Urban growth
GIS - Species niche modeling, Wildlife Habitat Relation models, Fragstats
Remote Sensing - Mulitemporal image analysis, Landsat, Classification and Regression Tree models, Burn severity mapping, Spectral unmixing, LiDAR, Vegetation mapping
Geographic Regions: Puget Sound, Southwest and Western United States, Northern Mexico, Sonoran Desert, Apache Highlands, Colorado Plateau.
Current/Recent Projects: The Puget Sound Ecosystem Portfolio Model.
Climate Change and Plant Community Composition in National Parks in the Southwestern US.
Disturbance, Climate, and Land Use Change in the Sonoran Desert and Apache Highlands.
Landscape-scale monitoring of wildlife responses to habitat phenology and wildfire.
Yellow-billed cuckoo habitat modeling.
Collaborations: National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring Program and Vegetation Mapping Program.
Department of Defense, U.S. Marine Corps, Barry M. Goldwater Range - Inventory and Monitoring.
School of Natural Resources and the Environment, University of Arizona, Affiliate.
Recent Publications: Villarreal, M.L., van Riper III, C., Petrakis, R.E. 2014. Conflation and aggregation of spatial data improve predictive models for species with limited habitats: A case of the threatened yellow-billed cuckoo in Arizona, USA. Applied Geography 47, 57–69. [http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0143622813002798].

Villarreal, M.L., Norman, L.M., Webb, R.H., and Turner, R.M., 2013. Historical and contemporary geographic data reveal complex spatial and temporal responses of vegetation to climate and land stewardship. Land, 2 (2): 194–224. [http://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/2/2/194].

Villarreal, M.L., Norman, L.M., Boykin, K.G., and Wallace, C.S.A. 2013. Biodiversity losses and conservation trade-offs: Assessing future urban growth scenarios for a North American trade corridor. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services and Management, 9 (2): 90-103. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21513732.2013.770800].

Wallace, C.S.A., Villarreal, M.L., and van Riper III, C. 2013. Influence of monsoon-related riparian phenology on yellow-billed cuckoo habitat selection in Arizona. Journal of Biogeography. [http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jbi.12167/abstract].

Norman, L.M., Villarreal, M.L., Niraula, R., Meixner, T, Frisvold, G. and Labiosa, W. 2013. Framing scenarios of binational water policy with a tool to visualize, quantify, and valuate changes in ecosystem services. Water, 5(3):852-874. [http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/5/3/852].

Villarreal, M.L., W.J.D. van Leeuwen, and J.R. Leon-Romo. 2012. Mapping and monitoring riparian vegetation distribution, structure and composition with regression tree models and post-classification change metrics. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 33:13, 4266-4290. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2011.644594].

Villarreal, M.L., Drake, S., Marsh, S.E and A.L. McCoy. 2012. The influence of wastewater subsidy, flood disturbance and neighbouring land use on current and historical patterns of riparian vegetation in a semi-arid watershed. River Research and Applications. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rra.1510].

Norman, L.M., Villarreal, M.L., Lara-Valencia, F., Wilson, S., Yuan, Y., Nie, W., Amaya, G., and R. Sleeter, 2012. Mapping Socio-Environmentally Vulnerable Populations Access and Exposure to Ecosystem Services at the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands. Applied Geography 34:413-424. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2012.01.006].

Norman, L.M., Feller, M., and Villarreal, M.L. 2012. Developing spatially explicit footprints of plausible land-use scenarios in the Santa Cruz Watershed, Arizona and Sonora. Landscape and Urban Planning, 107(3): 225-235. [Open Access:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.06.015]

van Riper III, C., Villarreal, M.L., van Riper, C.J., and Johnson, M.J. (Eds). 2012. The Colorado Plateau V: Research, environmental planning, and management for collaborative conservation. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ
Academic Background: Ph.D. University of Arizona, 2009
M.A. University of Arizona, 2003
B.A. University of California, Davis, 1994
Image of Staff Member
John Vogel
Flagstaff, Arizona
928 556-7114
Project Skills: Hazards - Dust monitoring
Ecosystem Science - Ecosystem restoration
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Land cover analysis, vegetation mapping
Tools and Techniques - ArcGIS, IMAGINE
Geographic Regions: Mojave Desert, Channel Islands (California), Aleutian Islands.
Current/Recent Projects: Dust monitoring in the Mojave Desert and Colorado Plateau, Ecosystem restoration in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Collaborations: US Fish&Wildlife and Island Conservation: Ecosystem restoration in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Recent Publications: R.L. Reynolds, G.N. Breit, H. Goldstein, S. Morman, M.C. Reheis, J.C. Yount, R. Bogle, and John Vogel, 2008, Evaporite-mineral Dusts From a Dry Saline Playa in the Mojave Desert and Bioaccessibility of Their Trace Metals, AGU, (86)52, Fall Meeting Supplement, Abstract A43A-0280
Academic Background: BA, Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara
Image of Staff Member
Cynthia SA Wallace
Research Geographer
Tucson, Arizona
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/cwallace
Project Skills: Ecosystem Science - Extracting temporal and spatial information from remotely sensed data for mapping wildlife habitat.
Climate Change - Satellite-based analysis of trends in observed phenology of ecosystems and land cover types.
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Vegetation, invasive species, land cover and habitat mapping using satellite data coupled with field data
Tools and Techniques - Arc-GIS, Erdas Imagine, Matlab, S-PLUS
Remote Sensing - Analysis of spatial structure in satellite images using geostatistical techniques for habitat and land cover mapping. Analysis of multi-temporal multi-spectral satellite data to extract characteristic phenologies of vegetation communities, preferred species habitat and invasive species.
Other Interests/Skills: Geostatistics.
Geographic Regions: Southwestern US, Arizona, California.
Current/Recent Projects: Southern California Multi-hazards demonstration project (MHDP):
As a part of the wildfire and debris flow hazards assessment for the Southern California MHDP, this research will characterize the impact of past management activities on loss of native plant communities and replacement by functionally different non-native assemblages. In collaboration with Jon Keeley (USGS-WERC, adjunct at UCLA), I am using satellite data to regionally map occurrences of alien-invasive grasses and forbs in the chaparral communities of Southern California. Based on the distinctive phenology of the alien-invasives, I am selecting a suite of Landsat images to model their current regional distribution. Using historical Landsat data I will extrapolate these results both temporally and spatially to compile a record of vegetation-conversion change across the southern California region back to the 1970’s.

Phenology and Land Cover Change:
Phenology, the study of the timing of biological events, is increasingly regarded as a key to understanding many phenomena that are related to land cover and land use change, global scale climatic change, and human health. Remote sensing of phenology provides a mechanism to move from plant-specific to regional and continental scale studies of phenology. Changing land use has an important impact on surface characteristics that subsequently affect land/atmosphere interactions (e.g., albedo, water, carbon). This project will develop methodologies for summarizing phenological impacts of land cover change by coupling satellite phenology with detailed land cover change information.

Regionally-mapped environmental variables for the Mojave Desert:
Total cover of perennial and annual vegetation are important measures of a number of processes in the Mojave Desert, including soil-moisture availability, stability of biological soil crusts, and the ability of disturbed areas to recover. Perennial vegetation was derived using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) data coupled with pre-existing field transect data and applying step-wise linear regression techniques. Potential annual vegetation was derived using data mining and exploration techniques to reveal appropriate multi-image calculations applied to MODIS-EVI data that correlate with field data collected 2003 and 2005 at 50 plots. These maps are being used in the Mojave Desert tortoise habitat models and in Mojave Desert dust emissions studies.
Recent Publications: Villarreal, M.L., Norman, L. M., Wallace, C. S. A. and van Riper III, C., 2011, A Multi-temporal (1979-2009) Land Use/Land Cover Data Set of the Binational Santa Cruz Watershed, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1131, 25 p.

Wallace, C.S.A., Villarreal, M.L., and Norman, L.M., 2011, Development of a high-resolution binational vegetation map of the Santa Cruz River riparian corridor and surrounding watershed, southern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1143, 22 p. [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1143/].

Norman, Laura M.; Villarreal, Miguel L.; Wallace, Cynthia S. A.; Gil Anaya, Claudia Z.; Diaz Arcos, Israel; Gray, Floyd, 2010. A high-resolution land-use map; Nogales, Sonora, Mexico. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1156, iii, 15p.; Appendices; Readme TXT File; Metadata TXT File; DataZIP [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1156/].

Nussear, Kenneth E.; Esque, Todd C.; Inman, Richard D.; Gass, Leila; Thomas, Kathryn A.; Wallace, Cynthia S. A.; Blainey, Joan B.; Miller, David M.; Webb, Robert H., 2009. Modeling Habitat of the Desert Tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) in the Mojave and Parts of the Sonoran Deserts of California, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1102, Report: iv, 18 p.; Zip File [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1102/].

Wallace, C.S.A. and K.A. Thomas, 2008. An Annual Plant Growth Proxy in the Mojave Desert using MODIS-EVI data, Sensors 2008, 8(12), 7792-7808; DOI: 10.3390/s8127792

Wallace, C.S.A. and L. Gass, 2008, Elevation derivatives for Mojave Desert Tortoise Habitat models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1283, 7 p. [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1283/].

Wallace, C.S.A., R.H. Webb, and K.A. Thomas, 2008. Estimation of perennial vegetation cover in the Mojave Desert using MODIS-EVI data and pre-existing field data. GIScience and Remote Sensing. 45-2, 167-187

Norman, L.M., and Wallace, C.S.A., 2008, Mapping land use/land cover in the Ambos Nogales study area: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1378, 38 p

Webb, R.H., Griffiths, P.G., Wallace, C.S.A., and Boyer, D.E., 2007. Channel response to low-elevation desert fire: the King Valley Fire of 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Data Report DS 275, 52 p. [http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/2007/275/]

Wallace, C.S.A., and Marsh, S.E., 2005. Characterizing the Spatial Structure of Endangered Species Habitat Using Geostatistical Analysis of IKONOS Imagery. International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 26, no. 12, pp. 2607-2629.

Brooks, M.L., J.R. Matchett, C. Wallace, and T. Esque. 2004. Fuels and fire hazard assessment in a desert ecosystem. Arid Lands Newsletter, Vol. 55.

Wallace, C.S.A., 2002. Extracting temporal and spatial information from remotely sensed data for mapping wildlife habitat: Tucson, University of Arizona, Ph.D. Dissertation, 198pp.

Hutchinson, C.F., S.E. Marsh, C.S.A. Wallace, J.J. Walker, K. Mauz, P.R. Krausman, H. Boyd, R. M. Enns, H. Salazar, L.D. Howery, and E. Trobia, 2000. Informing the Elk Debate: Applying NASA Earth Observing System (EOS) Data to Natural Resource Management Conflicts in the Western States, Tucson: University of Arizona

Wallace, Cynthia S.A., J. M. Watts, and S. R. Yool, 2000. Characterizing the Landscape Structure of Vegetation Communities in the Mojave Desert Using Geostatistical Techniques. Computers and Geosciences. v. 26, no. 4, pp. 397-410.
Academic Background: University of Arizona, Ph.D., Geography; Spatial Analysis&Remote Sensing
University of Arizona, M.A., Geography
University of Wisconsin-Madison, M.S., Geology
University of Minnesota-Duluth, B.S., Geology and Mathematics
Image of Staff Member
Anne Wein
Operations Research Analyst
Menlo Park, CA
Project Skills: Hazards - Multiple hazard Risk Analysis; Economic consequences and recovery from earthquake, winter storm and tsunami scenarios scenario for decision making
Ecosystem Science - National assessment of carbon sequestration potential, Status and trends of environmental thresholds for Lake Tahoe
Water Science -
Public Health - Beach closures and health risk
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - National assessment of carbon sequestration potential, Hedonic analysis of land values
Tools and Techniques - Quantitative methods and analyses
GIS - Spatial analysis for economic consequences of natural hazards, Spatial analysis for value of geoscience information
Other Interests/Skills: Hazard Strategic Science Planning Team, Learning from Earthquakes (Christchurch) team, Serious (computer) games.
Geographic Regions: California, Southern California, Everglades, Lake Tahoe region.
Current/Recent Projects: As part of the USGS Multiple Hazard Demonstration Project (MHDP) the ShakeOut scenario earthquake and winter storm scenarios for Southern and all of California were produced by an interdisciplinary team, involving many partners and stakeholders. As a coordinator of the economic consequences, Anne managed the highway-bridge system damage and restoration study, addressed the interface between the building and lifeline damage estimates and the regional economic model, lead efforts to analyze goods movement, economic impacts, community focus studies, and regional recovery, evacuation, and agricultural damages and losses. A tsunami scenario is now underway. Recently, Anne participated in a Learning From Earthquakes team in Christchurch, New Zealand.

For the LandCarbon national assessment of ecological carbon sequestration potential: methodology and implementation. Anne contributed broadly to the methodology with specific responsibility for mitigation scenarios and the policy interface. She is currently coordinating mitigation analysis for the on-going assessment.
Collaborations: Numerous partners involved in the Shakeout scenario(e.g., California Geological Survey, CALTRANS, Southern California Association of Governments, East valley Water District, Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles)

MHDP shakeout scenario products produced with Laurie Johnson Consulting (Recovery), Adam Z. Rose and Associates LL and Ian Sue Wing (BU) (economic impacts and resilience), Seismic Systems&Engineering Consultants (Highway-bridge system damages and traffic impacts), and ImageCat (economic impacts of transportation disruption), David Mithcell of M-Cubed (agricultural damages and losses), Allan Baez of A.B. Risk Management (evacuation)

Geological Survey of Canada (GSC)regarding multiple hazard risk and value of geological maps  Tahoe Regional Planning Authority (TRPA)regardinga Tahoe Decision Support System
Recent Publications: Wein A. and J. Becker, 2013. Communicating aftershock risk: roles for reassuring the public. Risk Frontiers, in press (November Issue)

Wein, Anne, and Labiosa, William, 2013, Serious Games Experiment toward Agent-based Simulation: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2013-1152, 30p.

Wein, A., Rose A. Sue Wing I, and Wei D. 2013. Economic Impacts of the SAFRR Tsunami Scenario in California, chap. H in Ross, S.L., and Jones, L.M., eds., The SAFRR (Science Application for Risk Reduction) Tsunami Scenario: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013–1170, 168 p., http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2013/1170/h/.

Ross, S., L. Jones, L.M., Miller, Kevin, P., K.A., Wein, A., Wilson, R., Bahng, B., Barberopoulou, A., Borrero, J.C., Brosnan, D.M., Bwarie, J.T., Geist, E.L., Johnson, L.A., Kirby, S.H., Knight, W.R., Long, K., Lynett, P., Mortensen, C.E., Nicolsky, D.J., Perry, S.C., Plumlee, G.S., Real, C.R., Ryan, K., Suleimani, E., Thio, H., Titov, V.V., Whitmore, P.M. and Wood, N.J., 2013, SAFRR (Science Application for Risk Reduction) Tsunami Scenario—Executive Summary and Introduction: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013–1170–A, in Ross, S.L., and Jones, L.M., eds., The SAFRR (Science Application for Risk Reduction) Tsunami Scenario: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013–1170, 17 p., http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2013/1170/a/.

Porter, K., Byers, W., Dykstra, D., Lim, A., Lynett, P., Ratliff, J., Scawthorn, C., Wein, A., and Wilson, R., 2013, The SAFRR tsunami scenario—Physical damage in California, chap. E in Ross, S.L., and Jones, L.M., eds., The SAFRR (Science Application for Risk Reduction) Tsunami Scenario: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013–1170, 168 p.,http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2013/1170/e/.

Mu J. E and Anne M. Wein and Bruce A. McCarl. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global change. Land use and management change under climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies: a U.S. case study. 2013 (DOI) 10.1007/s11027-013-9514-7

Byrd K, Jamie Ratliff, Norman Bliss, Anne Wein, Ben Sleeter, Terry Sohl T, Zhengpeng Li, Z Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global change. Quantifying climate change mitigation potential in the United States Great Plains wetlands for three greenhouse gas emission scenarios. 2013 (DOI) 10.1007/s11027-013-9500-0

Holmes, R.R., Jr., Jones, L.M., Eidenshink, J.C., Godt, J.W., Kirby, S.H., Love, J.J., Neal, C.A., Plant, N.G., Plunkett, M.L., Weaver, C.S., Wein, Anne, and Perry, S.C., 2012, U.S. Geological Survey natural hazards science strategy— Promoting the safety, security, and economic well-being of theNation: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1383–F, 79 p.

Mu, Jianhong E., Bruce A. McCarl, and Anne M. Wein. "Adaptation to climate change: changes in farmland use and stocking rate in the US." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change (2012): 1-18

Wein, A. and L. Johnson and R. Bernknopf, 2011. Recovering from the ShakeOut Earthquake, Economic Resilience Lessons from the ShakeOut Earthquake Scenario, , Earthquake Spectra 27, pp. 521-538 (2011).

Wein, A. and A. Rose, 2011. Economic Resilience Lessons from the ShakeOut Earthquake Scenario, Earthquake Spectra 27, pp. 559-573 (2011).

Rose, A., D. Wei and A. Wein, 2011. Economic Impacts of the ShakeOut Earthquake Scenario, Earthquake Spectra 27, pp. 521-538 (2011).

EERI, 2011. The M 6.3 Christchurch, New Zealand, Earthquake of February 22, 2011, Learning from Earthquakes, EERI Special Earthquake Report— May 2011, http://www.mssanz.org.au/MODSIM07/papers/26_s32/TheEffectOfScie_s32_Bernknopf_.pdf(last accessed July 11, 2011);

Porter, Keith, Wein, Anne, Alpers, Charles, Baez, Allan, Barnard, Patrick, Carter, James, Corsi, Alessandra, Costner, James, Cox, Dale, Das, Tapash, Dettinger, Michael, Done, James, Eadie, Charles, Eymann, Marcia, Ferris, Justin, Gunturi, Prasad, Hughes, Mimi, Jarrett, Robert, Johnson, Laurie, Dam Le-Griffin, Hanh, Mitchell, David, Morman, Suzette, Neiman, Paul, Olsen, Anna, Perry, Suzanne, Plumlee, Geoffrey, Ralph, Martin, Reynolds, David, Rose, Adam, Schaefer, Kathleen, Serakos, Julie, Siembieda, William, Stock, Jonathan, Strong, David, Sue Wing, Ian, Tang, Alex, Thomas, Pete, Topping, Ken, and Wills, Chris; Jones, Lucile, Chief Scientist, Cox, Dale, Project Manager, 2011, Overview of the ARkStorm scenario: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1312, 183 p. and appendices.

Zhu, Zhiliang, ed., Bergamaschi, B., Bernknopf, R., Clow, D., Dye, D., Faulkner, S., Forney, W., Gleason, R., Hawbaker, T., Liu, J., Liu, S., Prisley, S., Reed, B., Reeves, M., Rollins, M., Sleeter, B., Sohl, T., Stackpoole, S., Stehman, S., Striegl, R., Wein, A., and Zhu, Z., A method for assessing carbon stocks, carbon sequestration, and greenhouse gas fluxes in ecosystems of the United States under present conditions and future scenarios: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010–1144.

Bernknopf, R., K. Gillen, S. Wachter, and A. Wein, 2010, A Spatial Hedonic Pricing Model: Using Econometrics and Geographic Information Systems for Property Valuation, in Linne, M., and M. Thompson, eds., Visual Valuation: Practical Applications in Property Analysis and Valuation, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, in press.

Wein, A., 2010. Six Tips for Building an Earthquake Scenario: Lessons Learned from coordinating the economic consequences of the Southern California ShakeOut Scenario. Available at  http://www.nehrpscenario.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/Building-Scenarios_rev.pdf.

Suzanne Perry et al., 2008. The ShakeOut Earthquake Scenario - A Story That Southern Californians Are Writing (with Suzanne Perry et al.), U.S. Geological Survey Circular 2008-132,  http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/cir/cir1324.

Lucile Jones et al., 2008. The ShakeOut Scenario, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2008- 1150, California Geological Survey Preliminary Report 25, version 1.0,  http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1150/.

Ben Sherrouse, David Hester, and Anne Wein, 2008. Potential Effects of a Scenario Earthquake on the Economy of Southern California: Labor Market Exposure and Sensitivity Analysis to a Magnitude 7.8 Earthquake, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report, OFR 2008-1211.  http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1211/. This publication is online only.

Ben Sherrouse, David Hester, and Anne Wein, 2008. Potential Effects of a Scenario Earthquake on the Economy of Southern California: Small Business Exposure and Sensitivity Analysis to a Magnitude 7.8 Earthquake, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report, OFR 2008-1222,  http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1222/. This publication is online only

Richard Champion and Anne Wein, 2008. Characterizing a regional economy: Bureau of Labor Statistics Location Quotients for Industrial Sectors in Southern California, The ShakeOut Scenario, Appendix I.

Wein, A.M. and Bernknopf, R.L., 2007, Interdisciplinary approaches to regional risk reduction decision-making in Oxley, L., and Kulasiri, D. (eds.) MODSIM 2007: International Congress on Modeling and Simulation, Modeling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, December 2007, p. 1660-1666.  http://www.mssanz.org.au/MODSIM07/papers/26_s32/Interdeciplinery_s32_Wein_.pdf, last accessed July 1, 2008].

Richard Bernknopf, Anne Wein, Marc St.Onge, Steven Lucas, 2008. Analysis of Improved Government Geological Map Information for Mineral exploration: incorporating Efficiency, Productivity, Effectiveness and Risk Considerations, Joint USGS-GSC Professional Paper 1721-GSC Bulletin 59.

Wein, A.M., Journeay, M. and Bernknopf, R.L., 2007, Scenario-based risk analysis within an analytic- deliberative framework for regional risk reduction planning in Oxley, L., and Kulasiri, D. (eds.) MODSIM 2007 International Congress on Modeling and Simulation: Modeling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, p. 1688-1695. http://www.mssanz.org.au/MODSIM07/papers/26_s32/Scenario-Based_s32_Wein_.pdf, last accessed July 7, 2008].

Bernknopf, R.L., Hearn P.P., Wein A.M., and Strong D., 2007, The effect of scientific and socioeconomic uncertainty on a natural-hazards policy choice in Oxley, L. and Kulasiri, D. (eds.) MODSIM 2007 International Congress on Modeling and Simulation,Modeling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, p. 1702-1708.  http://www.mssanz.org.au/MODSIM07/papers/26_s32/TheEffectOfScie_s32_Bernknopf_.pdf

Academic Background: Stanford University, Ph.D. Decision Sciences, June 1988
Stanford University, M.S. Operations Research, June 1985
University of Canterbury, New Zealand, B.S.Hons, Operations Research, May 1983
Christchurch Primary Teachers College, New Zealand, 1978-79
Image of Staff Member
Tamara S. Wilson
Menlo Park, CA
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/tswilson
Project Skills: Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Land Use Land Cover of the Willamette Valley and North Cascades. Late 20thCentury Landcover Analysis of California.
Tools and Techniques - Terrestrial LiDAR collection and processing for landscape morphology, habitat condition, and change detection.
Remote Sensing - Land Cover Trends Project - analyzing, classifying and characterizing Landsat imagery for landcover and landcover change.
Other - Biogeography, climatology, paleoclimatology, climate change, usability of scientific information
Other Interests/Skills: Drought, extreme climatic events, Pacific northwest forests.
Geographic Regions: Climate of the southwest, northern Baja, California.
Recent Publications: Wilson, T.S., Sleeter, B.M., and A.W. Davis (in press). Projected future land use threats to California’s protected areas. Regional Environmental Change.

Soulard, C.E., Acevedo, W., Auch, R.F., Sohl, T.L., Drummond, M.A., Sleeter, B.M., Sorenson, D.G., Kambly, S., Wilson, T.S., Taylor, J.L., Sayler, K.L., Stier, M.P., Barnes, C.A., Methven, S.C., Loveland, T.R., Headley, R., and Brooks, M.S., 2014, Land Cover Trends Dataset, 1973–2000: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 844, 10 p.,  http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds844.

Sleeter, B.M., Griffith, G., Wilson, T.S., Sleeter, R.R., Soulard, C.E., Sayler, K.L., Reker, R.R., Bouchard, M.A. and T.L. Sohl (2014). Ecoregion and Scenario Framework. Chapter 2 in Zhu, Zhiliang, and Reed, Bradley, eds., Baseline and projected future carbon storage and greenhouse-gas fluxes in ecosystems of the eastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1804, 204 p.,  http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/pp1804

Reker, R.R., Sayler, K.L., Friesz, A.M., Sohl, T.L., Bouchard, M.A., Sleeter, B.M., Sleeter, R.R., Wilson, T.S., Griffith, G.E. and M.L. Knuppe (2014). Mapping and Modeling of Land Use and Land Cover in the Eastern United States From 1992-2050. Chapter 3 in Zhu, Zhiliang, and Reed, Bradley, eds., Baseline and projected future carbon storage and greenhouse-gas fluxes in ecosystems of the eastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1804, 204 p.,  http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/pp1804

Wilson, T.S. Potential future land-use conversion scenarios in the Pacific Northwest from 2000-2100 (4/8/2014). Map database of land use threats in the Pacific Northwest based on the Land publication. ScienceBase U.S. Geological Survey  https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/item/5348485be4b06f6ce034abe8

Wilson, T.S. Map database of land use threats in the Pacific Northwest (4/2014). Conservation Biology Institute. Published on  www.databasin.org
Gallery -  http://databasin.org/galleries/b7fb6dc79b73405a99e178b377494c7d
Figure 5 -  http://databasin.org/datasets/540284cd07bc48d099beb1387db13038
Figure 6 -  http://databasin.org/datasets/0d87f5ae8be84a5ca153f42318d2c1f8
Figure 7 -  http://databasin.org/datasets/2e2d0b358c914b9cbe9497c59370a938

Wilson, T.S., Sleeter, B.M., Sleeter, R.R., Soulard, C.E. (2014). Land use threats and protected areas: a scenario-based, landscape level approach. Land 3(2), 362-389.  http://www.mdpi.com/2073-445X/3/2/362/.

Soulard, C.E., Wilson, T.S., 2013, Recent land-use/land-cover change in the Central California Valley, Journal of Land Use Science (published online 09/25/13).  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1747423X.2013.841297.

Sohl, T.L., Sayler, K.L., Bouchard, M.A., Reker, R.R., Friesz, A.M., Bennett, S.L., Sleeter, B.M., Sleeter, R.R., Wilson, T.S., Knuppe, M., Van Hofwegen, T. (2013). Spatially explicit modeling of 1992 to 2100 land cover and forest stand age for the conterminous United States. Ecological Applications  http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/13-1245.1.

Sleeter, B.M., Wilson, T.S., and W. Acevedo (eds.), 2012. Status and Trends of Land Use and Land Cover in the Western United States, U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1794A.  http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1794/a/.

Wilson, T.S., Sleeter, B.S., Sohl, T.L., Griffith, G., Acevedo, W., Bennett, S., Bouchard, M., Reker, R., Ryan, C., Sayler, K.L., Sleeter, R., and C.S. Soulard, 2012. Future Scenarios of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change in the United States: The Marine West Coast Forests Ecoregion, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2012-1252.  http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2012/1252/.

Sohl, T.L., Sleeter, B.M., Wilson, T.S., Bouchard, M.A., Sleeter, R. R., Sayler, K.L., Reker, R.R., Soulard, C.E., and S.L. Bennet, 2012. Baseline Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes in the Western United States Between 1992 and 2005, Chapter 2 in Zhu, Z. and Reed, B.C., eds. Baseline and Projected Future Carbon Storage and Greenhouse-Gas Fluxes in Ecosystems of the Western United States, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1797, p. 17-28.  http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1797/.

Sleeter, B.M., Sohl, T.L., Wilson T.S., Sleeter, R. R., Soulard, C.E., Bouchard, M.A., Sayler, K.L., Reker, R.R., and G.E. Griffith, 2012. Projected Land-Use and Land-Cover Change in the Western United States, Chapter 6 in Zhu, Z. and Reed, B.C., eds. Baseline and Projected Future Carbon Storage and Greenhouse-Gas Fluxes in Ecosystems of the Western United States, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1797, p. 65-86.  http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/1797/.

Wilson, T.S., 2011. Land-Cover Change Research at the U.S. Geological Survey - Assessing Our Nation's Dynamic Land Surface, U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011-3080.  http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2011/3080.

Sleeter, B.M, T.S. Wilson, and C.S. Soulard, 2011. Estimation of late twentieth century land-cover change in California, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 173, 251-266.  http://www.springerlink.com/content/17173232522221g5/.

Wilson, T.S., 2009. The North Cascades Ecoregion Summary. U.S. Geological Survey.  http://landcovertrends.usgs.gov/west/eco77Report.html.

Wilson, T.S. and D.G. Sorenson (2008). The Willamette Valley Ecoregion Summary. U.S. Geological Survey.  http://landcovertrends.usgs.gov/west/eco3Report.html.

Soulard, C.E., Raumann, C.G., and T.S. Wilson (2007). Land-Cover Trends of the Southern California Mountains Ecoregion. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5235.  http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5235/.

Wilson, T.S. (2001). Seasonal and decadal precipitation variability and regionalization for Baja California, Mexico. Masters thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson.
Academic Background: 2002: MA, Geography, University of Arizona
1997: BA, Environmental Studies, California State University East Bay
Image of Staff Member
Nathan Wood
Research Geographer
Portland, OR
Detailed Professional Page: https://profile.usgs.gov/nwood
Project Skills: Hazards - Community vulnerability assessments to tsunamis, volcanic lahars, hurricane storm surge, coastal storms, and sea level rise
Climate Change - Assessing future community vulnerability to climate-change-enhanced natural hazards (e.g., storm surge, erosion)
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Use of landcover data for approximating community vulnerabilityto natural hazards
Tools and Techniques - Statistical approaches for summarizing data
GIS - Spatial analysis for vulnerability research
Geographic Regions: Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, Florida.
Current/Recent Projects: Detailed project information can be found at  [http://geography.wr.usgs.gov/science/vulnerability/index.htm].

1) Community vulnerability to tsunamis: Past research has included USGS reports summarizing variations in community exposure to tsunamis in Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington and journal articles describing various geospatial techniques to assess societal vulnerability to tsunamis. Wood was also a committee member for a National Research Council review of the nation's tsunami warning system and national preparedness for tsunamis. Current research focuses on developing geospatial approaches to characterize pedestrian evacuations from tsunamis and to develop societal-risk metrics for tsunamis.

2) Community vulnerability to climate change and coastal storms: Research focuses on assessing current and future community vulnerability to coastal storms, sea level rise due to climate change, and increasing urbanization of hazard-prone areas. Past research has focused on Sarasota County (Florida) and Kauai Island (Hawaii). Current research focuses on community vulnerability on the Oregon and Washington coast to climate-change-enhanced coastal erosion in collaboration with Oregon State University, via a grant from the NOAA Climate Change Program.

3) Community vulnerability to volcano hazards: Research focuses on assessing community vulnerability to volcanic hazards, such as lahars, in the Cascade Range. Research efforts also include development of societal-exposure metrics for national volcano monitoring and preparation of a textbook on volcano-hydrologic processes with USGS colleagues in the Volcano Hazards Program
Collaborations: Community vulnerability to tsunamis: Hawaii State Civil Defense, Hawaii Office of Planning, Pacific Disaster Center, The Pennsylvania State University, the University of Oregon, and the University of South Carolina, Washington State Emergency Management Division, Washington State/Local Tsunami Working Group, Hawaii Tsunami Technical Review Committee, National Research Council, Oregon Sea Grant, Cascadia Region Earthquake Workgroup, Pacific Risk Management 'Ohana

Community vulnerability to sea-level rise and coastal storms: The Pennsylvania State University, Oregon State University, Oregon Sea Grant, NOAA Climate Change Program

Community vulnerability to volcano hazards: Washington State Emergency Management
Recent Publications: Wood, N., Ratliff, J., and Peters, J., 2013. Community exposure to tsunami hazards in California. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012-5222, iv, 49 p.http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2012/5222/.

Mathie, A., and Wood, N., 2013. Residential and service-population exposure to multiple natural hazards in the Mount Hood region of Clackamas County, Oregon. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013-1073, iv, 48 p.http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2013/1073/.

Wood, N., and Schmidtlein, M., 2013, Community variations in population exposure to near-field tsunami hazards as a function of pedestrian travel time to safety, Natural Hazards, 65 (3): 1603-1628http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-012-0434-8.

Coletti, A., Howe, P., Yarnal, B., and Wood, N., 2013, A support system for assessing local vulnerability to weather and climate, Natural Hazards, 65 (1): 999-1008http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-012-0366-3.http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-012-0366-3

Howe, P., Yarnal, B., Coletti, A., and Wood, N., 2013, The participatory vulnerability scoping diagram - deliberative risk ranking for community water systems, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 103 (2), 343-352.http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00045608.2013.754673#.Uad9SHWHJ8E.

Wood, N., and Schmidtlein, M., 2012, Anisotropic path modeling to assess pedestrian-evacuation potential from Cascadia-related tsunamis in the US Pacific Northwest. Springer , 26 p.http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-011-9994-2.

Wood, N., and Ratliff, J., 2011. Population and business exposure to twenty scenario earthquakes in the State of Washington. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1016, v, 13 p.http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1016/.

Wood, N., 2011. Understanding risk and resilience to natural hazards. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011-3008, 2 p.http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2011/3008/.

Wood, N., 2011, California's tsunami threat--Japan's disaster serves as a reminder to the West Coast to be prepared, Los Angeles Times, Opinion-Editorial section, March 17, 2011, A17http://articles.latimes.com/2011/mar/17/opinion/la-oe-woods-tsunami-20110317.

Frazier, T. G., Wood, N., Yarnal, B., Stakeholder perspectives on land-use strategies for adapting to climate-change-enhanced coastal hazards: Sarasota, Florida, Applied Geography (2010), doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.05.007

Frazier, T., Wood, N., Yarnal, B., Bauer, D., Influence of potential sea level rise on societal vulnerability to hurricane storm-surge hazards, Sarasota County, Florida, Applied Geography (2010), doi:10.1016/j.apgeog.2010.05.005

Baron, H., Wood, N., Ruggiero, P., Allan, J., and Corcoran, P., 2010, Assessing societal vulnerability of U.S. Pacific Northwest communities to storm-induced coastal change, Proceedings of The Coastal Society Annual Meeting, June 7-11, 2010, Wilmington, NC, 5 p.

Wood, N., Burton, C., and Cutter, S., 2010, Community variations in social vulnerability to Cascadia-related tsunamis in the U.S. Pacific Northwest, Natural Hazards, 52(2), 369-389

Frazier, T., Wood, N., and Yarnal, B., 2009, A framework for using GIS and stakeholder input to assess vulnerability to coastal-inundation hazards: a case study from Sarasota County, Florida, In U. Paleo (ed.), Building safer communities—risk governance, spatial planning and responses to natural hazards, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, 58, Amsterdam: IOS Press, pp. 226-245.

Wood, N., and Soulard, C., 2009, Community exposure to lahar hazards from Mount Rainier, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5211, 26 p.  [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2009/5211/].

Wood, N., and Soulard, C., 2009, Variations in population exposure and sensitivity to lahar hazards from Mount Rainier, Washington, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 188, 367–378.

Wood, N., 2009, Tsunami exposure estimation with land-cover data: Oregon and the Cascadia subduction zone, Applied Geography 29, 158-170.

Wood, N., and Soulard, C., 2008, Variations in community exposure and sensitivity to tsunami hazards on the open-ocean and Strait of Juan de Fuca coasts of Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5004, 34 p.  [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2008/5004/].

Wood, N., 2007, Variations in community exposure and sensitivity to tsunami hazards in Oregon: Reston, Va., USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5283, 43 p.  [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5283/].

Wood, N., Church, A., Frazier, T., and B. Yarnal, 2007, Variations in community exposure and sensitivity to tsunami hazards in the State of Hawai`i: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigation Report 2007-5208, 42 p. [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5208/]  [http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5208/].

Wood, N., and Hine, A., 2007, Spatial trends in marsh sediment deposition within a microtidal creek system, Waccasassa Bay, Florida, Journal of Coastal Research, 23 (4): p. 823 ? 833.

Bernknopf, R., Rabinovici, S., Wood, N. and Dinitz, L., 2006, The influence of hazard models on GIS-based regional risk assessments and mitigation policies, International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, 6 (4/5/6), 369 ? 387.

Academic Background: Oregon State University, Geography, Ph.D., 2002
University of South Florida, Marine Science, M.S., 1996
Duke University, Geology, B.S., 1992
Image of Staff Member
Zhuoting Wu
Research Ecologist
Flagstaff, AZ
Project Skills: Ecosystem Science - Remote sensing-based quantification ofecosystem carbon stocks and fluxes,ecosystem process modeling, and errorand uncertainty assessment
Climate Change - Responses of terrestrial ecosystemcarbon and nutrient cycling, biomass andproductivity to climate change
Land Use/Land Cover Studies - Land cover / land use change, and landclassification algorithm developmentbased on fusion of multiple remotesensing data
GIS - Spatial analysis of community composition,and species distribution
Remote Sensing - Multispectral, hyperspectral, and activeremote sensing
Geographic Regions: Remote sensing, GIS, spatial analysis, community analysis, meta-analysis.
Current/Recent Projects: USGS Mendenhall postdoc project: Model-data fusion biomass mapping using Landsat and Lidar. 2013-Present.WATERSMART Project: Development of a National Framework for Monitoring Water Use on Irrigated Landsthrough Advanced Remote Sensing and Surface Energy Modeling. 2011-2013.Remote monitoring of cropland conditions in Asia. Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET).2009-2011.NSF NICCR: Ecosystem responses to elevated temperature, altered precipitation and enriched carbondioxide. 2007-2011.
Collaborations: Northern Arizona University, USGS EROS, Stanford, NASA Ames, Penn State, National Research Council ofSpain, California State U, U of Arizona, USDA NASS
Recent Publications: Bruce A Hungate, Paul Dijkstra, Zhuoting Wu, Ben D Duval, Frank P Day, Dale W Johnson, J PatrickMegonigal, Alisha LP Brown, Jay L Garland and Bert G Drake (2013) Cumulative response of ecosystemcarbon and nitrogen stocks to chronic CO2 exposure in a sub-tropical oak woodland. New Phytologist(accepted).

Zhuoting Wu, Paul Dijkstra, George W Koch and Bruce A Hungate (2012) Biogeochemical and ecologicalfeedbacks in grassland responses to warming. Nature Climate Change 2: 458-461.Prasad S Thenkabail and Zhuoting Wu (2012) An automated cropland classification algorithm (ACCA) forTajikistan by combining Landsat, MODIS, and secondary data. Remote Sensing, 4: 2890-2918.

Prasad S Thenkabail, Jerry W Know, Mutlu Ozdogan, Murali Krishna Gumma, Russ Congalton, Zhuoting Wu,Songcai You, Cristina Milesi, Chandra Giri, Pamela Nagler, Alex Finkral, Michael Marshall, andIsabella Mariotto (2012) Assessing future risks to agricultural productivity, water resources andfood security: how can remote sensing help? Photogrammetric Engineering&Remote Sensing, 78: 773-782.

Zhuoting Wu, George W Koch, Paul Dijkstra, Matt A Bowker, and Bruce A Hungate (2011) Responses ofecosystem carbon cycling to climate change treatments along an elevation gradient. Ecosystems, 14:1066-1080.

Zhuoting Wu, Paul Dijkstra, George W Koch, Josep Pe񵥬as, and Bruce A Hungate (2011) Responses ofterrestrial ecosystems to temperature and precipitation change: a meta-analysis of experimentalmanipulation. Global Change Biology, 17: 927-942.

Zhuoting Wu, Hongjun Zhang, Crystal M. Krause, and Neil S. Cobb (2010) Climate change and humanactivities: a case study in Xinjiang, China. Climatic Change, 99: 457-472.
Academic Background: Northern Arizona University, Ph.D., Biology, 2011

China Agricultural University, B.S., Life Sciences, 2006